The group comprises eight states - Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh Odisha, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Rajasthan.
"Outdoor air pollution continues to pose a significant and growing challenge to population health", according to the study, conducted by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), Public Heath Foundation of India (PHFI) and the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME).
In 2016, three of the five leading individual causes of the disease burden in India were NCDs-ischaemic heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and stroke. Under-5 mortality rate, for instance, showed a four-fold difference among states, though all of them had improved on their 1990 positions. But here again, state level inequalities are stark, with a range of 66.8 years in Uttar Pradesh to 78.7 years in Kerala for women, and 63.6 years in Assam to 73.8 years in Kerala for men in 2016, the report said.
Disease burden due to child and maternal malnutrition in India was 12 times higher per person than in China in 2016 even as the life expectancy at birth in the country improved by over a decade, said a report on Tuesday.
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India is facing a health crisis spanning the entire spectrum of ailments, from lifestyle-related diseases to the persistent scourge of malnutrition-in turn reflecting a widening health gap between the nation's wealthy and poorer states.
A Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) researcher, who analysed the data for Delhi, said that diseases that are triggered by air pollution including cardiovascular diseases, chronic respiratory diseases (COPD), and cancers have shown a dramatic increase since 1990.
While all states have transitioned to a disease profile where non-communicable diseases account for the largest share of diseases, barring Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Goa, diarrhoea, a disease of gross underdevelopment, is still among the top killers in every state.
Indians have gained almost a decade of life expectancy since 1990, women more so than men, a first of its kind study released on Tuesday has revealed.
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The contribution of injuries to the total disease burden has increased in most states since 1990, affecting the young adults (15-39 years of age) the maximum.
The report states that India has made substantial gains in health since 1990, with the overall health loss from all diseases and conditions about one-third less per person in 2016. The wide variations between the states in this epidemiological transition are reflected in the range of the contribution of major disease groups to the total disease burden in 2016: 48% to 75% for non-communicable diseases, 14% to 43% for infectious and associated diseases, and 9% to 14% for injuries. "A comparison of the health parameters between 1990 and 2016 as depicted in the India Disease Burden report â€" demonstrates how the situation has changed on the ground.
"India is committed to strengthening health data surveillance and health systems in the country. This means that the more developed states that had this transition a long time ago need to go on a war footing to control the rapidly rising burden of major NCDs and injuries", said J.P. Nadda, union minister of health and family welfare.
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